China's problems with the hottest forest rights en

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Entanglement of forest rights: the Chinese problem of transnational paper enterprises

on the morning of August 27, a dozen villagers were gathering in a forest near Shiwan Town, Hepu County, Guangxi, and three technicians in orange uniforms followed their footsteps, using measuring tools while wandering around the forest and observing the terrain. The technicians in orange uniforms are from Stora Enso, a Finnish paper company. They are planning to participate in the construction of eucalyptus forests here and process them into paper after the trees grow up. These papers will be used in products such as milk cartons and fast food drink cups. In anticipation of the growth of demand for these products in the Chinese market in the next decade, Stora Enso plans to establish a complete production chain from raw materials to final products in Guangxi

on July 19 this year, Stora Enso got the approval from the national development and Reform Commission, and its forestry pulp paper integration project, which had been waiting for seven years, was also launched. The total investment of the project is about 1.6 billion euros, or the largest investment in China by Nordic enterprises in recent years

but even after getting the approval, Stora Enso found a new problem. When signing the lease agreement on some woodlands, it sometimes could not determine who the other party should be. For example, Stora Enso needs to clarify the boundary of a forest land between tangziba and baifenling, and obtain the unanimous consent of the villagers

at the beginning of trying to carry out its ambitious business in China, this multinational company encountered the challenge brought by the unclear ownership of China's unique forest land property rights

coincidence of forest land rights

song Wangqiu, President of Stora Enso China, told China business news that the entire Guangxi Beihai Forest Pulp paper integration project is divided into several stages: investment in the construction of Eucalyptus plantations, the construction of paperboard machine production lines, and the construction of pulp production lines. In the first stage, the investment of Eucalyptus plantation base is about 170 million euros, while the total investment of the integrated project will be 760 million euros

according to Stora Enso, the eucalyptus forest base that has obtained the land use right totals 1.35 million mu, including 850000 mu of cooperative eight state-owned forest farms and 500000 mu of social forest land

Eucalyptus is native to Australia and is mainly planted in Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi and Western Sichuan in China. In addition to extracting eucalyptus oil (aromatic oil), leaves and essential oils for medicine, it is also a rare short-term industrial timber tree species, which can be harvested and utilized in 5-8 years

Goran Storck, deputy general manager of Stora Enso Guangxi forestry company, said that to plant eucalyptus in Guangxi, we need to comply with the planning of the local forestry department, which areas can be planted and which cannot. Stora Enso has also been prepared before

for example, in the cooperation with state-owned forest farms and social forest lands, Stora Enso is leasing forest lands, which are in the charge of Stora Enso Guangxi forestry company (hereinafter referred to as Stora Enso Guangxi)

among them, the ownership of social forest land is very subtle. A villager in Hepu County, Beihai City, told this newspaper to ensure that there is more than 70cm of space around the experimental machine for experiment and peace preservation, which has also been widely used in the actual experiment. The question of who the forest land belongs to, its main raw material, has not been clarified

the production team of this villager is located in Hepu County. Historically, pine, maple and other economic plants were also planted in this forest land that rises next to the mountain, which naturally belongs to them. However, with the state-owned forest farm companies entering and planting Eucalyptus, the ownership of this part of the forest land has been controversial

his fellow villagers presented a forest ownership certificate to this newspaper, proving that the owner of this piece of forest land is collectively owned (production team), and the total area is thousands of mu. However, a person familiar with the matter revealed to this newspaper that a state-owned forest farm also has a similar forest ownership certificate. Although the area is not so large, there is indeed a coincidence of forest land between them

Stora Enso, as a latecomer, wants to obtain the right to use the forest land. The problem to be solved is to first confirm who owns this forest land. After confirming the corresponding ownership certificate, sign a contract with the other party, and the date given in the calibration certificate is "it is recommended to send it to school next time"

assuming that the production team and the state-owned forest farm cannot reach any agreement in the short term, and the ownership of the forest land is not clear, Stora Enso plans to shelve the lease process of the relevant forest land, discuss that the forest farm and the production team will cooperate with Stora Enso respectively, and then sign the corresponding lease contract according to the specific situation

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