The export of flat glass at the hottest Heihe Port

2022-08-07
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The export of flat glass at Heihe Port doubled. On March 23, Chinese and Russian vehicles carrying flat glass queued up at Heihe Port to leave the country. According to customs statistics, from January to March, Heihe Port exported 2million square meters of flat glass in the form of general trade, worth 3million US dollars, an increase of 4 times and 2 times over the same period last year respectively; The average price is 1. US $5/m2, down 39. 5%。

according to the analysis of insiders, the production capacity of China's flat glass manufacturing industry has expanded rapidly in recent years. Enterprises urgently need to increase exports to alleviate the market pressure caused by the expansion of production capacity, which is the main reason for the sharp growth of flat glass exports in various places, including Heihe Port. At the same time, the problems in the production and export of China's flat glass have become more prominent

overcapacity in the glass industry caused large-scale industrial losses. Relevant data show that China's output of flat glass has led the world for 17 consecutive years. This year, the momentum of excessive investment in the flat glass industry is still strong. With the release of new production capacity in the glass industry and the intensification of competition, as well as under the dual pressure of rising energy and material prices, the profit space of enterprises has been squeezed, the economic benefits of the flat glass industry have fallen sharply, and the enterprises have increased production and sales without increasing income

the product structure is unreasonable, the deep processing rate is low, and there is a big gap in the overall technology, equipment and management level of the industry. At present, the energy consumption of China's flat glass industry is 32% higher than the foreign advanced level, and the backward production process still has a capacity of more than 50million weight boxes; The deep processing rate of flat glass is far below the world average level; The product structure is unreasonable. Although the supply of ordinary float glass exceeds the demand, some high-end and special varieties of glass still need to be imported

the glass industry has a large number of production-oriented enterprises and low industrial concentration. At present, there are more than 600 flat glass enterprises in China, including more than 60 large and medium-sized flat glass production enterprises, which now account for about 30% of the world's total glass production. In contrast, Japan's four major multinational companies, such as Asahi, have concentrated 41% of the world's flat glass, 62% of the world's high-quality float glass and more than 50% of the world's deep-processing glass output. Compared with developed countries, China's glass industry has an obvious gap in enterprise scale and industrial concentration

due to the imperfect evaluation system of domestic instruments, the enforcement of glass quality standards is not strict, and the market competition order is chaotic. Individual enterprises have won greater benefits for themselves, adopted unfair competition means, cut corners on work and materials, and produced "non-standard products" to replace standard products. In addition, the price impact of "small glass" and "low-grade float" glass has led to confusion in the glass market price and disordered competition

the export volume of China's glass is increasing, and China is encountering more and more foreign anti-dumping. Since 2002, the United States, Canada and other countries have successively taken anti-dumping investigations or safeguard measures against China's exported float glass, automotive glass and other glass products. On April 23 this year, South Korea conducted an anti-dumping investigation on the float glass exported from China. The objects of the investigation were all Chinese suppliers exported to South Korea last year. These trade barriers have had a negative impact on China's glass exports

in view of the current development status of the domestic flat glass industry, at the end of last year, the national development and Reform Commission and other six ministries and commissions jointly issued the notice on Several Opinions on promoting the structural adjustment of the flat glass industry, which further defined the guiding ideas and objectives for the structural adjustment of the glass industry during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period

experts suggest that flat glass enterprises should strictly 1. Strictly implement the national macro-control policies, resolutely shut down production lines that fail to meet the requirements of environmental protection and energy conservation, and low-level repeated construction, so as to curb the rapid expansion of flat glass production capacity; Take the road of merger and reorganization within the industry, improve the industry concentration, increase research and development, change the growth mode, focus on developing high-quality float and special varieties, and produce more personalized, difficult and high value-added varieties; Strive to overcome the "specialization" strategy of developing a single float, turn to the "vertical integration strategy of extending the value chain to the upstream and downstream", improve the product grade and quality, and Canada Magna multi lightweight materials have reduced the energy consumption of automobile life cycle by 16%, and improve the product structure of China's flat glass industry; Actively participate in international competition, adopt the strategy of market diversification and winning by quality, export deep-processing products with high added value, carry out engineering general contracting or direct investment to set up factories abroad, and break foreign trade barriers

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