The Russian Navy received 22350 carbon fiber frigates
according to Russia's Izvestia, the Russian shipyard of St. Petersburg said that carbon fiber exceeded steel in terms of physical parameters
according to the person in charge of St. Petersburg shipyard, the test of superstructure and its components reveals that carbon fiber has high rigidity and thermal shock resistance. The Russian Navy's first large frigate built with carbon fiber will be tested in the Barents Sea at the end of November. This frigate, named admiral Gorshkov (not to be confused with the Indian Navy aircraft carrier vikramaditya), is the leading ship of the 22350 carbon fiber frigate. A well-informed source from the Russian naval command told the "news" that after the completion of the test, the frigate will join the 14th anti submarine combat brigade of the Russian Northern Fleet
according to an officer of the Russian naval command, "The ship is the first large frigate designed and built entirely by the northern shipyard of St. Petersburg, Russia since 1987. 22350 stealth frigate will replace the North Atlantic Treaty Organization code named undaloy The anti submarine frigate. The military and shipyard have two different opinions on the construction of 22350 carbon fiber frigates with carbon fiber. Russian naval officials said that carbon fiber is useless because it is softer than marine steel. They were worried that the carbon fiber superstructure would break up under the extreme conditions of high winds, low temperatures and frequent storms in the Arctic. In addition, the superstructure will bear strong thermal pressure when anti submarine and air defense missiles are launched. On the other hand, north shipyard believes that carbon fiber exceeds steel in terms of physical parameters. The representative of the north shipyard told the news that the tests on the superstructure and its components revealed that carbon fiber has high rigidity and thermal shock resistance
admiral Gorshkov is the first frigate led by a leading enterprise. It not only adopts different experimental methods of stealth superstructure, but also is called different experimental aircraft frigates, and adopts the latest diesel fuel combined power (CODAG) propulsion system. The frigate is also equipped with a large number of modern electronic equipment that the existing frigates are not equipped with. Therefore, this is both an advantage and a weakness, because there is a lack of trained personnel to master modern electronic equipment. Representatives of the Russian naval command and some officials of the Northern Fleet said that it would be impossible to form enough crew without increasing on-site training
Vladimir komoedov, chairman of the Defense Commission of the Russian State Duma and former commander of the Black Sea fleet, said he had no worries about the use of composite materials for warships. Komoedov told the newspaper, "recently, I visited the factory that produces carbon fiber nozzles for space rockets. Carbon fibers have excellent high temperature dependence and dynamic load. If the fiber has stealth characteristics, then the frigate needs this stealth characteristics. No matter how to ensure its good sealing, it is good to introduce new equipment to the Navy."
Vladimir scherbakov, editor in chief of vzlyot magazine, believes that the real performance of carbon fibers under real life conditions and especially combat conditions with their strong "craftsman spirit" has yet to be revealed. He pointed out, "at present, composite materials are used everywhere. Individual carbon fiber ship parts have been tested on the ground, and theoretical calculations look very good."
22350 carbon fiber stealth frigate was laid with keel in northern shipyard in February 2006 and launched in October 2010. The ship is equipped with 130 mm gun rack, 16 anti-ship Onyx missiles and 16 anti submarine kalibr NKE missiles. It is also equipped with a ground to air polimer redut defense system and a Ka-27 helicopter for anti submarine combat missions
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